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SImple Phrases in Indonesian Language:
Bahasa Indonesia

Indonesian (Indonesian: Bahasa Indonesia) is the official language and lingua franca of Indonesia, and also widely spoken in East Timor. With over 230 million speakers, there are a lot of people to talk to in Indonesian. 

Indonesian is closely related to Malay, but the main difference is the vocabulary: Indonesian has been heavily influenced by Dutch and Javanese (and also Sanskrit), while Malay has been heavily influenced by English and Arabic.

Indonesian is very easy to pronounce: it has one of the most phonetic writing systems in the world, with only a small number of simple consonants and relatively few vowel sounds. One peculiarity of the spelling is the lack for a separate sign to denote the schwa. It is written as an 'e', which can sometimes be confusing.

Vowels

like 'a' in "father"

like 'e' in "vowel" (schwa)

é 

like 'e' in "bed", usually the difference between a schwa and an e is not indicated in writing

i (ie, j) 

like 'i' in "thin"

like 'ow' in "low", in open positions or like 'o' in "top" in close positions

u (oe) 

like 'oo' in "hoop", in open positions or like 'o' in “hope” in close positions

 

Consonants

like 'b' in "bed"

bh 

like 'b' in "bed", only in Sanskrit borrowings

c (ch, tj) 

like 'ch' in "China"

like 'd' in "dog"

dh 

like 'd' in "dog", only in Sanskrit borrowings

like 'ph' in "phone"

like 'g' in "go"

like 'h' in "help"

j (dj) 

like 'dg' in "edge"

like 'c' in "cat", often silent at the end of a word

kh (ch) 

like 'ch' in "loch"

like 'l' in "love"

like 'm' in "mother"

like 'n' in "nice"

ng 

like 'ng' in "sing" (no hard 'g' sound)

ngg 

like 'ng' in "finger" ('ng' plus a hard 'g')

ny 

like 'ny' in "canyon"

like 'p' in "pig"

like 'q' in "quest" (with "u", almost always, only in Arabic borrowings)

like 'rr' in Spanish "perro"

like 'ss' in "hiss"

sy (sj) 

like 'sh' in "sheep"

like 't' in "top"

like 'ph' in "phone"

like 'w' in "weight"

like 'cks' in "kicks"

y (j) 

like 'y' in "yes"

like 's' in "hiss", like 'z' in "haze", like 'dg' in "edge"

 

Common diphthongs

ai 

like 'ay' in "say"

au 

like 'ow' in "cow"

oi 

like 'oy' in "boy"

 

Phrase list

Unless noted as (informal), phrases use the formal, polite Anda and saya forms for "you" and "I" respectively.

Basics

Hello. 

Halo. (HUH-lo)

Hello. (informal

He. (Hey)

How are you? 

Apa kabar? (AH-pAh KAH-bar?)

Fine, thank you. 

Baik, terima kasih. (BAYK, TREE-muh KUS-see)

What is your name? 

Namanya siapa? (NUM-muh-nyuh shah-puh?)

My name is ______ . 

Nama saya ______ . (NUM-MUH suh-yuh _____ .)

Nice to meet you. 

Senang bertemu anda. (SNUNG burr-tuh-moo UN-duh)

Please. 

Silakan. (see-LUH-kunn)

Please. (request) 

Tolong. (TOH-long)

Thank you. 

Terima kasih.

You're welcome. 

Terima kasih kembali. (…)

Yes. 

Ya. (EEYUH)

No. 

Tidak. (TEE-duh), Tak (TAH)

Excuse me. (getting attention

Maaf. (MUH-UFF)

Excuse me. (begging pardon

Maaf, permisi. (…)

I'm sorry. 

Maaf. (…)

Goodbye 

Selamat tinggal. (…)

Goodbye (informal

Dadah. (DUH-DUH)

I can't speak Indonesian [well]. 

Saya tidak bisa bicara bahasa Indonesia [dengan baik]. (…)

Do you speak English? 

Bisa bicara bahasa Inggris? (…)

Is there someone here who speaks English? 

Ada orang yang bisa bahasa Inggris? (…)

Help! 

Tolong! (…)

Look out! 

Hati-hati! (…)

Good morning. 

Selamat pagi. (slum-mut PUH-GUEE)

Good afternoon. 

Selamat siang.

Good evening. 

Selamat sore. (…)

Good night. 

Selamat malam. (…)

Good night (to sleep

Selamat tidur. (…)

I don't understand. 

Saya tidak mengerti. (…)

Where is the toilet? 

Di mana toiletnya? (DEE muh-nuh TOY-leht-nyuh?)

 

Problems

Leave me alone. 

Jangan ganggu saya. (...)

Don't touch me! 

Jangan pegang saya! (...)

I'll call the police. 

Saya panggil polisi. (...)

Police! 

Polisi! (...)

Stop! Thief! 

Stop! Maling! (...)

I need your help. 

Saya minta tolong. (...)

It's an emergency. 

Ini darurat. (...)

I'm lost. 

Saya tersesat. (...)

I lost my bag. 

Saya kehilangan tas saya. (...)

I lost my wallet. 

Saya kehilangan dompet saya. (...)

I'm sick. 

Saya sakit. (...)

I've been injured. 

Saya terluka. (...)

I need a doctor. 

Saya perlu dokter. (...)

Can I use your phone? 

Bisa saya pakai telepon anda? (...)

 

Numbers

nol / kosong (COSS-song)

satu (...)

dua (...)

tiga (...)

empat (...)

lima (LEE-ma)

enam (...)

tujuh (...)

delapan (...)

sembilan (...)

10 

sepuluh (...)

11 

sebelas (...)

12 

duabelas (...)

13 

tigabelas (...)

14 

empatbelas (...)

20 

duapuluh (...)

21 

duapuluh satu (...)

22 

duapuluh dua (...)

23 

duapuluh tiga (...)

30 

tiga puluh (...)

40 

empat puluh (...)

50 

lima puluh (...)

100 

seratus (...)

200 

dua ratus (...)

300 

tiga ratus (...)

1000 

seribu (...)

1100 

seribu seratus (...)

1152 

seribu seratus lima puluh dua (...)

1200 

seribu duaratus (...)

1500 

seribu limaratus (...)

2000 

dua ribu (...)

2100 

dua ribu seratus (...)

10,000 

sepuluh ribu (...)

20,000 

duapuluh ribu (...)

100,000 

seratus ribu (...)

150,000 

seratus limapuluh ribu (...)

156,125 

seratus limapuluh enam ribu seratus duapuluh lima (...)

250,000 

duaratus limapuluh ribu / seperempat juta (quarter of a million) (...)

500,000 

limaratus ribu / setengah juta (half a million) (...)

1,000,000 

satu juta (...)

1,150,000 

satu juta seratus limapuluh ribu (...)

1,250,000 

satu seperempat juta (...)

1,500,000 

satu setengah juta (...)

1,750,000 

satu juta tujuh ratus limapuluh ribu (...)

1,000,000,000 

satu milyar

1,000,000,000,000 

satu trilyun

number _____ (train, bus, etc.

nomor _____ (NO-more)

half 

setengah (...)

quarter 

seperempat (...)

three quarter 

tiga perempat (...)

less 

kurang (...)

more 

lebih (...)

 

Time

now 

sekarang (...)

later 

nanti (NUN-tee)

before 

sebelum (...)

morning 

pagi (0.00 – 10.30) (...)

afternoon 

siang (10.30 – 15.00) (see-YOUNG)

evening 

sore (15.00 – 19.00) (sore-RAY)

night 

malam (19.00 – 0.00) (...)

Clock time

one o'clock AM 

jam satu pagi (...)

two o'clock AM 

jam dua pagi (...)

noon 

jam duabelas siang (...)

one o'clock PM 

jam satu siang (...)

two o'clock PM 

jam dua siang (...)

midnight 

jam duabelas malam (...)

   

 

Bali Tourism Board

Indonesia Ministry of Culture and Tourism

Lombok and Sumbawa Tourism Information

Central Java Tourism Board

Jakarta Post  {in English}

Airports of Indonesia - Official Website

 

 

 

 

 

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